The proper care of teeth and care of oral hygiene prevents dental caries and gingivitis formation. Proper dental care extends the life expectancy of teeth and reduces micro-organisms in the mouth.
It is needed to start to brush your teeth from their intersection.The toothbrush should be chosen according to the age and property. A good toothbrush is with soft bristles and with a short head. One should choose very soft toothbrush when gums are sensitive and bleeding. A soft toothbrush is also suitable for children. At the same time, robust toothbrush is more suitable for washing dentures than something else, as it might insure gum and the enamel.
Electrical Toothbrushes. Although electrical toothbrushes are relatively popular, it is actually takes more time to clean with electrical toothbrush. The people with disabilities, their caring staff, coordination impaired people or the elderly should use electrical toothbrushes.
Recommendation! The toothbrush should be replaced regularly every 2-3 months and certainly after the illness. A good trick is to use coloured toothbrush. The colour indicates when it is necessary to replace the toothbrush.
The aim of the toothpaste is to remove plaque from the teeth and to reduce it. Choosing a right toothbrush, it is also important to consider the age and specific features.
- It is necessary to purchase a special toothpaste for children, which can be used from the age of three.
- Adult toothpaste should contain fluoride, which protects the teeth against acid caused by eating sweets and strengthens tooth enamel. The most optimal level of fluoride in toothpaste is 0.2-0.8% or 700-1000 ppm.
- There are special toothpastes against plaque, which reducegum problems.
- There are also special toothpastes designed for sensitive teeth, which reduce the sensitivity of teeth.
Brushing the teeth
- Brush your teeth in the morning and in the evening for 2-3 minutes.
- It is not recommended to wash your teeth after eating.
- It is important to know that a child under the age 5-6 is not able to wash their teeth by themselves.
- Always wash your teeth systematically: start on one side of the rear of the upper dental arch tooth surfaces and moving step by step over the front teeth and to the other side of upper teeth. Then clean the side surfaces of the side of tongue. Then clean the lower teeth.
- Hold the toothbrush like a pencil.
- Do not use too much of the toothpaste.
- Place the toothbrush in the mouth at a slight angle (45 °), so that part of the bristles go inbetween the gum and the tooth and the rest of them remain on the tooth surface.
- Make a vibrating back and forth movements.
- Spit out toothpaste and foam, do not swallow it.
- Wash your mouth with lukewarm water.
- You can check the cleanliness of teeth with special “red pills,” having them after brushing the teeth they will help to see unwashed spots. Tablets are sold in pharmacies.
Cleaning between the teeth
- To clean the areas between teeth should be used floss. The floss should be used once a day and preferably before brushing your teeth.
- Also there are special brushes to clean the areas between the teeth. They are recommended to use, when you have gum infections or crooked teeth.
- Toothpicks are designed to remove food between the teeth.
- Solo brush used for hard-to-reach places (behind the wisdom tooth, the orthodontic appliance spacing, etc.) to remove plaque.